The concepts of support and resistance are some of the most fundamental topics related to the technical analysis of financial markets. They apply to essentially any market, whether that’s stocks, forex, gold, or cryptocurrencies.
What are support and resistance?
The price finds a level that it’s unable to break through, with this level acting as a barrier of some sort. In the case of support, price finds a “floor,” while in the case of resistance, it finds a “ceiling.” Basically, you could think of support as a zone of demand and resistance as a zone of supply.
While more traditionally, support and resistance are indicated as lines, the real-world cases are usually not as precise. Bear in mind; the markets aren’t driven by some physical law that prevents them from breaching a specific level. This is why it may be more beneficial to think of support and resistance as areas. You can think of these areas as ranges on a price chart that will likely drive increased activity from traders.
Let’s look at an example of a support level. Note that the price continually entered an area where the asset was bought up. A support range was formed as the area was retested multiple times. And since the bears (sellers) were unable to push the price further down, it eventually bounced – potentially starting a new uptrend.
Price bouncing in an area of support before a breakout.