零点课堂 | What are the Key Properties of Bitcoin? (2)

Trust Minimization

“Bitcoin is P2P electronic cash that is valuable over legacy systems because of the monetary autonomy it brings to its users through decentralization. Bitcoin seeks to address the root problem with conventional currency: all the trust that’s required to make it work . Not that justified trust is a bad thing, but trust makes systems brittle, opaque, and costly to operate. Trust failures result in systemic collapses, trust curation creates inequality and monopoly lock-in, and naturally arising trust choke-points can be abused to deny access to due process.

Through the use of cryptographic proof and decentralized networks Bitcoin minimizes and replaces these trust costs. With the available technology, there are fundamental trade-offs between scale and decentralization. If the system is too costly people will be forced to trust third parties rather than independently enforcing the system’s rules. If the Bitcoin blockchain’s resource usage, relative to the available technology, is too great, Bitcoin loses its competitive advantages compared to legacy systems because validation will be too costly (pricing out many users), forcing trust back into the system. If capacity is too low and our methods of transacting too inefficient, access to the chain for dispute resolution will be too costly, again pushing trust back into the system.”
- Greg Maxwell

Decentralization

An open system such as Bitcoin will not retain the desired properties described in this post if it becomes sufficiently centralized such that aspects of the network can be controlled by individuals or cartels. Decentralization is the means, not the end. By distributing power as widely as possible we minimize the trust required in any single entity because we know that no single entity can interfere with our use of the system.

There are many potential dimensions of centralization and they can be difficult to quantify:

  • Exchanges
  • Developers
  • Software clients
  • Mining pools
  • Mining hardware
  • Economically active nodes
  • General value ownership distribution
  • Percent of users who control their own private keys
  • Percent of users who audit the ledger with their own node

High centralization in any given metric isn’t necessarily a system killer, but we should consider that a system is only as strong as its weakest point. As such, any changes to the system should take care to avoid consolidating power along any possible axis.

声明:本文由JAMESON LOPP撰写,零点财经收录,观点仅代表作者本人,绝不代表零点财经赞同其观点或证实其描述。

本文由 零点财经 作者:旖旖 发表,其版权均为 零点财经 所有,文章内容系作者个人观点,不代表 零点财经 对观点赞同或支持。如需转载,请注明文章来源。
分享生成图片
1
旖旖

发表评论

零点课堂 | What are the Key Properties of Bitcoin? (2)

2021-02-05 14:49:23

Trust Minimization

“Bitcoin is P2P electronic cash that is valuable over legacy systems because of the monetary autonomy it brings to its users through decentralization. Bitcoin seeks to address the root problem with conventional currency: all the trust that’s required to make it work . Not that justified trust is a bad thing, but trust makes systems brittle, opaque, and costly to operate. Trust failures result in systemic collapses, trust curation creates inequality and monopoly lock-in, and naturally arising trust choke-points can be abused to deny access to due process.

Through the use of cryptographic proof and decentralized networks Bitcoin minimizes and replaces these trust costs. With the available technology, there are fundamental trade-offs between scale and decentralization. If the system is too costly people will be forced to trust third parties rather than independently enforcing the system’s rules. If the Bitcoin blockchain’s resource usage, relative to the available technology, is too great, Bitcoin loses its competitive advantages compared to legacy systems because validation will be too costly (pricing out many users), forcing trust back into the system. If capacity is too low and our methods of transacting too inefficient, access to the chain for dispute resolution will be too costly, again pushing trust back into the system.”
- Greg Maxwell

Decentralization

An open system such as Bitcoin will not retain the desired properties described in this post if it becomes sufficiently centralized such that aspects of the network can be controlled by individuals or cartels. Decentralization is the means, not the end. By distributing power as widely as possible we minimize the trust required in any single entity because we know that no single entity can interfere with our use of the system.

There are many potential dimensions of centralization and they can be difficult to quantify:

  • Exchanges
  • Developers
  • Software clients
  • Mining pools
  • Mining hardware
  • Economically active nodes
  • General value ownership distribution
  • Percent of users who control their own private keys
  • Percent of users who audit the ledger with their own node

High centralization in any given metric isn’t necessarily a system killer, but we should consider that a system is only as strong as its weakest point. As such, any changes to the system should take care to avoid consolidating power along any possible axis.

声明:本文由JAMESON LOPP撰写,零点财经收录,观点仅代表作者本人,绝不代表零点财经赞同其观点或证实其描述。